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2002年美国总统布什在清华大学的演讲

2017年07月31日    



PRESIDENT BUSH: Vice President Hu, thank you very much for your kind and generous remarks. Thank you for welcoming me and my wife, Laura, here.

 

布什总统:胡副主席,非常感谢您的欢迎致辞。非常感谢您在这里接待我和我的夫人劳拉。

 

I see she's keeping pretty good company, with the Secretary of State, Colin Powell. It's good to see you, Mr. Secretary.

 

我发现她与鲍威尔先生相处得很好,今天很高兴看到国务卿先生。

 

And I see my National Security Advisor, Ms. Condoleezza Rice, who at one time was the provost at Stanford University. So she's comfortable on university campuses such as this. Thank you for being here, Condi.

 

同时我也看到我的事务助理莱斯女士,她曾经是斯坦福大学的校长,因此她回到校园是最适合不过了。谢谢你的到来,康迪。

 

I'm so grateful for the hospitality, and honored for the reception at one of China's, and the world's, great universities. This university was founded, interestingly enough, with the support of my country, to further ties between our two nations.

 

我非常感谢各位对我热情的接待,很荣幸能够来到中国,来到清华大学这所世界最伟大的学府之一,这所大学恰好是在美国的支持下成立的,目标是为了推动我们两国的关系。

 

I know how important this place is to your Vice President. He not only received his degree here, but more importantly, he met his gracious wife here.

 

我也知道清华大学对于胡副主席有着十分重要的意义,他不仅在这里获得了学位,而且是在这里与他优雅的夫人相识的。

 

I want to thank the students for giving me the chance to meet with you, the chance to talk a little bit about my country and answer some of your questions. The standards and reputation of this university are known around the world, and I know what an achievement it is to be here. So, congratulations.

 

我想同时也感谢在座的各位学生给我这个机会,跟大家见面,谈一谈我自己的国家,并且回答大家的一些问题。清华大学的治学标准和声望闻名于世,我也知道能考入这所大学也是一个成就,祝贺你们。

  

I don't know if you know this or not, but my wife and I have two daughters who are in college, just like you. One goes to the University of Texas. One goes to Yale. They're twins. And we are proud of our daughters, just like I'm sure your parents are proud of you.

 

我不知道大家是不是知道这一点,我和我的太太有两个女儿,她们像你们一样正在上大学,有一个女儿上的是德州大学,有一个女儿是上耶鲁大学,她们是双胞胎。我对我们的两个女儿倍感骄傲,我想你们的父母对你们的成就同样也是引以为荣的。

 

My visit to China comes on an important anniversary, as the Vice President mentioned. Thirty years ago this week, an American President arrived in China on a trip designed to end decades of estrangement and confront centuries of suspicion. President Richard Nixon showed the world that two vastly different governments could meet on the grounds of common interest, in the spirit of mutual respect. As they left the airport that day, Premier Zhou Enlai said this to President Nixon: "Your handshake came over the vastest ocean in the world -- 25 years of no communication." During the 30 years since, America and China have exchanged many handshakes of friendship and commerce.

 

我这次访华恰逢是重要的周年纪念日,副主席刚才也谈到了,30年前的这一周,一个美国的总统来到了中国,他的访华之旅目的是为了结束两国间长达数十年的隔阂和数百年的相互猜疑。尼克松总统向世界显示了两个迥然不同的政府能够本着相互的利益、相互的尊重来到一起。那天他们离开机场的时候,周恩来总理对尼克松总统说了这样一番话,他说你与我的握手越过了世界上最为辽阔的海洋,这个海洋就是互不交往的25年。自从那时以来,美国和中国已经握过多次的友谊之手和商业之手。

 

And as we have had more contact with each other, the citizens of both countries have gradually learned more about each other. And that's important. Once America knew China only by its history as a great and enduring civilization. Today, we see a China that is still defined by noble traditions of family, scholarship, and honor. And we see a China that is becoming one of the most dynamic and creative societies in the world -- as demonstrated by the knowledge and potential right here in this room.

 

随着我们两国间接触日益频繁,我们两国的国民也逐渐加深了对彼此的了解,这是非常非常重要的。曾经一度美国人只知道中国是历史悠久的、伟大的国家,今天我们仍然看到中国奉行着重视家庭、学业和荣誉的优良传统。同时,我们也看到中国也日益成为世界上最富有活力和创造力的国家之一,这一点最佳的验证是在坐诸位所具有的知识和潜力。

 

China is on a rising path, and America welcomes the emergence of a strong and peaceful and prosperous China.

 

中国正在兴起,而美国欢迎一个强大、和平与繁荣的中国的出现。

 

As America learns more about China, I am concerned that the Chinese people do not always see a clear picture of my country. This happens for many reasons, and some of them of our own making. Our movies and television shows often do not portray the values of the real America I know.

 

我同美国人在更进一步了解中国的同时,也担心中国人不一定总是能够很清楚地看到我的国家的真实面貌,这里面有多种原因,其中有一些是我们自己造成的。我们的电影,还有电视节目,往往并没有全面反映出美国。

 

Our successful businesses show a strength of American commerce, but our spirit, community spirit, and contributions to each other are not always visible as monetary success.

 

我们成功的企业显示了美国商业的力量。但是我们的精神,我们的社区精神,还有我们相互对彼此的贡献往往并不像我们在金钱方面的成功那么显而易见。

 

Some of the erroneous pictures of America are painted by others. My friend, the Ambassador to China, tells me some Chinese textbooks talk of Americans of "bullying the weak and repressing the poor." Another Chinese textbook, published just last year, teaches that special agents of the FBI are used to "repress the working people." Now, neither of these is true -- and while the words may be leftovers from a previous era, they are misleading and they're harmful.

 

有一些关于美国错误的描述是别人做出的,我的朋友——美国驻华大使告诉我中国的教科书讲到美国人欺负弱者,压制穷人。另外有一本中国的教科书是去年出版的,书里说联邦调查局的特工们被用来压制劳动人民。这两种说法都是不真实的。这种措辞很可能是过去时代遗留的产物,不过它确实是误人子弟的,而且是有害的。

 

In fact, Americans feel a special responsibility for the weak and the poor. Our government spends billions of dollars to provide health care and food and housing for those who cannot help themselves -- and even more important, many of our citizens contribute their own money and time to help those in need.

 

事实上,美国人对于保护穷人或者弱者有着特殊的责任感,我们政府每年花费数十亿美元来提供医疗、食品和住房给那些无法自助的人们。更为重要的是,我们许多的公民主动捐出自己的时间、金钱帮助有需要的人士。

 

American compassion also stretches way beyond our borders. We're the number one provider of humanitarian aid to people in need throughout the world. And as for the men and women of the FBI and law enforcement, they're working people; they, themselves, are working people who devote their lives to fighting crime and corruption.

 

美国人的同情心同时也远远地超越了我们自己的国界。在人道主义援助方面,我们居世界首位,援助世界各地的人民。至于我们的联邦调查局和执法界的人们,他们本身就是劳动人民,他们从事限制打击腐败。

 

My country certainly has its share of problems, no question about that. And we have our faults. Like most nations we're on a long journey toward achieving our own ideals of equality and justice. Yet there's a reason our nation shines as a beacon of hope and opportunity, a reason many throughout the world dream of coming to America. It's because we're a free nation, where men and women have the opportunity to achieve their dreams.

 

我们国家毫无疑问有自己的问题和缺陷,像大部分的国家一样,我们正走在一个漫长的道路上,走向自己理想中的平等和正义。但是我们国家成为一个希望的灯塔是有原因的,世界各地很多人梦寐以求地来到美国也是有原因的,是因为我们是自由的国度。

 

No matter your background or your circumstance of birth, in America you can get a good education, you can start your own business, you can raise a family, you can worship freely, and help elect the leaders of your community and your country. You can support the policies of our government, or you're free to openly disagree with them.

 

在美国,无论男女都有机会实现自己的梦想,不论你的背景、家境如何,在美国都可以得到很好的教育,可以创办企业,可以养育子女,可以自由地从事宗教活动,并且可以推选出你自己社区和国家的领导人。在美国,你可以支持我们政府的政策,同时你也可以公开、毫不掩饰地表示不同的观点。

 

Those who fear freedom sometimes argue it could lead to chaos, but it does not, because freedom means more than every man for himself. Liberty gives our citizens many rights, yet expects them to exercise important responsibilities. Our liberty is given direction and purpose by moral character, shaped in strong families, strong communities, and strong religious institutions, and overseen by a strong and fair legal system.

 

有些人害怕自由,他们会说自由可能会导致混乱,但是实际上并不会这样。因为自由的含义远远超越了人人为己,自由赋予了我们很多的权利,同时要求他们履行重大的责任。我们的自由因为有道德,所以是一种有方向、有目的的自由,我们的自由在社区中、在宗教中得到熏陶,同时也有法律监督。

 

My country's greatest symbol to the world is the Statue of Liberty, and it was designed by special care. I don't know if you've ever seen the Statue of Liberty, but if you look closely, she's holding not one object, but two. In one hand is the familiar torch we call the "light of liberty." And in the other hand is a book of law.

 

我的国家最伟大的象征就是自由女神像,我不知道大家是不是看过她,她是经过精心设计的,她手里拿的是两件东西,而不是一件,其中一件拿的是大家比较熟悉的火炬,是自由之光,另一个手里拿的是法典。

 

We're a nation of laws. Our courts are honest and they are independent. The President -- me -- I can't tell the courts how to rule, and neither can any other member of the executive or legislative branch of government. Under our law, everyone stands equal. No one is above the law, and no one is beneath it.

 

我们美国是一个自由的国家,每一个法律都是独立的。我是总统也无法告诉你是怎样判案的,根据我们的法律每一个人都是平等的,没有任何一个人是凌驾于法律之上的。

 

All political power in America is limited and it is temporary, and only given by the free vote of the people. We have a Constitution, now two centuries old, which limits and balances the power of the three branches of our government, the judicial branch, the legislative branch, and the executive branch, of which I'm a part.

 

在美国,任何政治权力都是受制约的,而且这些权力必须通过人民自由的投票才能得到。我们有着一部宪法,它现在已经有200年的历史,它限制并且平衡三个部门之间的权利,我是行政机构的一员。

 

Many of the values that guide our life in America are first shaped in our families, just as they are in your country. American moms and dads love their children and work hard and sacrifice for them, because we believe life can always be better for the next generation.

 

指导我们美国生活的很多价值观,首先都是在家庭中陶冶形成的,就像在中国一样。美国的妈妈、爸爸们疼爱他们的孩子,为他们辛勤劳动,做出牺牲,因为我们相信下一代的生活总会更好。

 

In our families, we find love and learn responsibility and character. And many Americans voluntarily devote part of their lives to serving other people. An amazing number -- nearly half of all adults in America -- volunteer time every week to make their communities better by mentoring children, or by visiting the sick, or caring for the elderly, or helping with thousands of other needs and causes. This is one of the great strengths of my country. People take responsibility for helping others, without being told, motivated by their good hearts and often by their faith.

 

在我们的家庭中,我们可以找到关爱,可以学习如何负起责任,如何陶冶人格。很多美国人都主动地抽出时间为其他人提供服务,有很多人,成年人中几乎一半人每周都拿出时间使得他们的社区办得更好,他们辅导儿童,探访病人,照顾老人,并且做许许多多数不胜数的事情,这就是我的国家的一大优点。人们主动地承担起责任,帮助他人,他们的原动力就是善良的心,还有他们的信仰。

 

America is a nation guided by faith. Someone once called us "a nation with the soul of a church." This may interest you -- 95 percent of Americans say they believe in God, and I'm one of them.

 

美国,是一个受信仰指导的国度,曾经有人称呼我们是教会之魂的国度,有95%的人说他们信神,我便是其中之一。

 

When I met President Jiang Zemin in Shanghai a few months ago, I had the honor of sharing with him how faith changed my life and how faith contributes to the life of my country. Faith points to a moral law beyond man's law, and calls us to duties higher than material gain. Freedom of religion is not something to be feared, it's to be welcomed, because faith gives us a moral core and teaches us to hold ourselves to high standards, to love and to serve others, and to live responsible lives.

 

几个月之前,我在上海见到江泽民主席的时候,我感到非常荣幸地跟他分享我的经历,就是信仰是如何影响了我的一生,信仰是如何充实了我们国家的生活,信仰为我们指出一种道德的规范,这超越人们的法律,也号召我们承担比物质利益更为崇高的使命。宗教自由不仅不可怕,而且应当受到欢迎,因为信仰给我们道德的追溯,它教我们如何用高标准要求自己,如何爱其他人,如何为其他人服务,如何有责任地过我们的生活。

 

If you travel across America -- and I hope you do some day if you haven't been there -- you will find people of many different ethic backgrounds and many different faiths. We're a varied nation. We're home to 2.3 million Americans of Chinese ancestry, who can be found working in the offices of our corporations, or in the Cabinet of the President of the United States, or skating for the America Olympic team. Every immigrant, by taking an oath of allegiance to our country, becomes just as just as American as the President.

 

如果你到美国旅行的话,你会见到来自不同种族背景,有不同信仰的人,我们是多元化多姿多彩的国家,在那里有230万华人繁衍生息。在我们大公司的办公室里有华人工作,在美国政府内阁里有华人工作,在奥运会有代表美国参加比赛的华人。移民到美国的人只要宣誓效忠美国,就会成为和总统一样享受公正待遇的美国公民。

 

America shows that a society can be vast and it can be varied, yet still one country, commanding the allegiance and love of its people. And all these qualities of America were widely on display on a single day, September the 11th, the day when terrorists, murderers, attacked my nation. American policemen and firefighters, by the hundreds, ran into burning towers in desperation to save their fellow citizens. Volunteers came from everywhere to help with rescue efforts. Americans donated blood and gave money to help the families of victims. America had prayer services all over our country, and people raised flags to show their pride and unity. And you need to know, none of this was ordered by the government; it happened spontaneously, by the initiative of free people.

 

在美国的生活是多姿多彩的,但仍然是一个国家。美国的所有这些特征,都在一天之中生动、有力地显示出来,这就是9月11日,那天恐怖分子攻击了我的国家,美国警察们和救火队员们,成百上千的人冲进了燃烧的大楼,他们带着一线希望来拯救他们的同胞。志愿者来自各地,来帮助救援工作,美国人中有的献血,有的捐钱来帮助受难者的家庭。美国各地都举行祈祷会,人们升起他们的国旗,表明他们作为美国人的荣誉和团结,这些都不是政府下令做的,都是自由地、自发地、主动地做出的。

 

Life in America shows that liberty, paired with law is not to be feared. In a free society, diversity is not disorder. Debate is not strife. And dissent is not revolution. A free society trusts its citizens to seek greatness in themselves and their country.

 

美国的生活表明,在一个自由的生活中多样化不是混乱,辩论不是争斗。一个自由的社会,信任其公民,会在其自身和国家的身上找到一个伟大的境界。

 

It was my honor to visit China in 1975 -- some of you weren't even born then. It shows how old I am.

 

我在1975年有幸访问过中国,在坐有些人可能还没有出生,这也表明我是多么老了。

 

And a lot has changed in your country since then. China has made amazing progress -- in openness and enterprise and economic freedom. And this progress previews China'a great potential. China has joined the World Trade Organization, and as you live up to its obligations, they inevitably will bring changes to China's legal system. A modern China will have a consistent rule of law to govern commerce and secure the rights of its people.

 

从那时以来,贵国发生了很多变化,中国取得了举世闻名的进步,在开放方面、在企业方面、在经济自由方面都是如此,从所有的进步中,人们可以看到中国有着巨大的潜力。中国已经加入了世界贸易组织,在诸位履行新的义务的同时,这些新的义务将对贵国的法律制度带来变化,一个现代化的中国将有一个完善的法制,规范其商业活动,也保护其公民的权利。

 

The new China your generation is building will need the profound wisdom of your traditions. The lure of materialism challenges our society -- challenges society in our country, and in many successful countries. Your ancient ethic of personal and family responsibility will serve you well.

 

诸位这一代建设的新中国,需要贵国传统中博大精深的智慧。物质利益的诱惑在我们的国家给我们的社会造成了挑战,在很多成功的国家也造成了挑战。诸位重视个人和家庭责任的古老道德传统将使各位受益匪浅。

 

Behind China's economic success today are talented, brilliant and energetic people. In the near future, those same men and women will play a full and active role in your government. This university is not simply turning out specialists, it is preparing citizens. And citizens are not spectators in the affairs of their country. They are participants in its future.

 

在中国如今经济成功的背后,有着有活力的人才。清华大学不仅在培养专家,它也是在培育公民。公民在他们国家的事务中不是袖手旁观者,他们是建设未来的参与者。

 

Change is coming. China is already having secret ballot and competitive elections at the local level. Nearly 20 years ago, a great Chinese leader, Deng Xiaoping, said this -- I want you to hear his words. He said that China would eventually expand democratic elections all the way to the national level. I look forward to that day.

 

变化正在到来,中国已经在地方一级进行不计名投票和地方选举。在20年以前,中国伟大的领导人邓小平说“中国最后将把这种民主选举推广到中央一级”,我期待着这一天的到来。

 

Tens of millions of Chinese today are relearning Buddhist, Taoist, and local religious traditions, or practicing Christianity, Islam, and other faiths. Regardless of where or how these believers worship, they're no threat to public order; in fact, they make good citizens. For centuries, this country has had a tradition of religious tolerance. My prayer is that all persecution will end, so that all in China are free to gather and worship as they wish. All these changes will lead to a stronger, more confident China -- a China that can astonish and enrich the world, a China that your generation will help create.

 

上千万中国人如今都在重温佛教、道教和一些地方信仰的传统,还有信仰耶稣、伊斯兰和其他的宗教,不管怎样,他们都不会对公共造成威胁,他们是很好的公民。中国在包容各种宗教方面有古老的传统,我为一切迫害的终结祈祷,让所有的中国人都有从事宗教的自由。所有的这些将令中国更加强大、更有自信,这个中国将使世界瞩目,也使世界更加丰富,这个中国就是诸位这一代帮助创建的中国。

 

This is one of the most exciting times in the history of your country, a time when even the grandest hopes seem within your reach. My nation offers you our respect and our friendship. Six years from now, athletes from America and around the world will come to your country for the Olympic games. And I'm confident they will find a China that is becoming a da guo, a leading nation, at peace with its people and at peace with the world.

 

现在是非常令人振奋的时刻,此时此刻就连最宏伟的梦想也似乎唾手可得。我的国度为中国表示尊敬和友谊。再过六年,来自美国和世界的运动员将到贵国参加奥林匹克运动会,我坚信,他们能够见到的中国将是正在变成大国的中国,一个走在世界前沿的国家,一个与世界和平相处的国家。

 

Thank you for letting me come.

 

谢谢诸位让我到此来发言。

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